Tuesday, November 27, 2012

What's the Difference Between Doing Projects and Project Based Learning?

Projects . . .Project Based Learning . . .
Can be done at home without teacher guidance or team collaboration.Requires teacher guidance and team collaboration.
Can be outlined in detail on one piece of paper by the teacher.Includes many “Need to Knows” on the part of the students and teachers.
Are used year after year and usually focus on product (make a mobile, a poster, a diorama, etc.).Is timely, complex, covers many TEKS, and takes a team of highly trained professionals significant time to plan and implement.
The teacher work occurs mainly after the project is complete.The teacher work occurs mainly before the project starts.
The students do not have many opportunities to make choices at any point in the project.The students make most of the choices during the project within the pre-approved guidelines. The teacher is often surprised and even delighted with the students’ choices.
Are based upon directions and are done “like last year.”Is based upon Driving Questions that encompass every aspect of the learning that will occur and establishes the need to know.
Are often graded based teacher perceptions that may or may not be explicitly shared with students, like neatness.Is graded based on a clearly defined rubric made or modified specifically for the project.
Are closed: every project has the same goal. (As in the example above, the end result is always The Alamo.)Is open: students make choices that determine the outcome and path of the research.
Cannot be used in the real world to solve real problems.Could provide solutions in the real world to real problems even though they may not be implemented.
Are not particularly relevant to students’ lives.Is relevant to students’ lives or future lives.
Do not resemble work done in the real world.Is just like or closely resembles work done in the real world.
Do not include scenarios and background information or are based on events that have already been resolved.The scenario or simulation is real or if it is fictitious, is realistic, entertaining, and timely.
Are sometimes based around a tool for the sake of the tool rather than of an authentic question. (Make a Prezi.)Use technology, tools, and practices of the real world work environment purposefully. Students choose tools according to purposes.
Happen after the “real” learning has already occurred and are just the “dessert.”Is how students do the real learning.
Are turned in.Is presented to a public audience encompassing people from outside the classroom.
Are all the same.Is different.
Make a model (or diorama or mobile . . . ) of the Alamo.Design a fortification that would take your community through a bio or other non-traditional attack and make a recommendation to the city council for future planning.
© Amy Mayer, @friEdTechnology, The Original WOW! Academy www.friEdTechnology.com Please copy and use freely!

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Aaron Ross said...

Funny, I just blogged about some of this yesterday:


This is an awesome chart - thank you for compiling it.

Anne Lyon said...

Great job! Thank you!

Sandra Wozniak said...

Thanks for sharing! I will be doing a presentation on PBL's in February - will be sharing this great introduction!

ltaparaprof said...

Can you imaging having an embedded librarian to address digital literacy? Carol Hartmann @ltaparaprof

kantabria13 said...

I agree with you in the terms you explain but I think you show a very negative description of what a "project" is. I think a project could be a useful tool in a class. Projects have some weak points comparing to a PBL like significant content, teacher guidance and voice and choice from the students.

Amy Mayer said...

@kantabria I see your point. The danger that I'm trying to emphasize is in believing you are using PBL (doing projects in order to learn) and doing projects (showing what you have learned by creating a product). Thanks for brining my attention to the issue. I will definitely think more about what you said :-)

Joe Ferrara said...

The Center for STEM Education and Research at UT Dallas offers an intense PBL summer institute called STEP in STEM. Experience PBL for 2 weeks as a student and teachers! Check it out - www.utdcser.org

Sharon said...

I'm a tech teacher, new to the world of PBL. Assessment is my stumbling block. And planning. Your comment that the teacher work takes place in the beginning..... I think that's where I need help. Thanks for the chart. Pinned and tweeted. :)

steve7876 said...

My partner and i accept a person within the conditions a person clarify yet I do think a person show an exceptionally digital tickets maker online damaging information involving what "project" is actually. I do think a task is a valuable application in a very category. Projects have some disadvantages looking at with a PBL such as substantial content, tutor advice as well as style as well as alternative from your individuals.

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